Natural Ecosystems of the UAE
About the Area
Rich, oil-producing nation, highly urbanized
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a rich, oil-producing nation that has, in the span of a decade or so, become highly urbanized with modern infrastructure.
Economic growth continues at an exceedingly rapid pace, and this is frequently at the cost of the natural environment. Marine, coastal, as well as mountain ecosystems of the country support biodiversity that needs urgent protection.
Sea and Coast
'Sabkhas' of UAE are the world's best developed and largest. Most of the UAE's wetlands - marine, coastal and freshwater - are described in A Directory of Wetlands in the Middle Eas (Scott, 1995).
Also, the very rugged nature of the mountains makes them a perfect refuge for discrete or persecuted wildlife such as the Arabian leopard and the endemic Arabian tahr. Another Global 200 is represented in the UAE -Ecoregion 127: Arabian Highland Woodlands and Shrublands, shared with Oman, Saudi Arabia and Yemen.